Psychoanalysis as a treatment involves exploring a person’s unconscious mind to find a cure to his or her problem. It entails the use of different methods, and the method applied by an expert, such as Patrick Mahony, during psychoanalytical treatment depends on the patient’s condition. Here are four basic techniques used in psychoanalysis.
Anamnesis is a method that resembles, to a certain degree, the conventional anamnesis used in the field of general medicine. A therapist, like Patrick Mahony, may use anamnesis to retrieve memories that have been buried for a long time. Anamnesis focuses on the contextual occurrences that have led to the patient’s neurotic symptoms. In simple terms, anamnesis aims at finding the meaning of a patient’s symptoms by reviewing past events.
- Free Associations
Free association is a psychoanalysis technique that replaced Sigmund Freud’s hypnosis approach. It is a method that involves putting together all the free associations that the patient has provided in formulating a cure. According to the concept of free association, all that a person’s mind produces can be associated with the unconscious mind and the only way to access the unconscious mind is through free associations. Free associations can be formed when a patient speaks freely without censoring his or her thoughts.
- Slips and Mistakes
Many people do not associate their problems to their faulty actions. Sigmund Freud was the first scholar to highlight the importance of slips and mistakes. According to this concept, one’s slips and mistakes determine the condition of their psychic.
- Dream Interpretation
Dream interpretation, also known as the “royal road to the unconscious”, is the most important technique in psychoanalytic treatments used by therapist such as Patrick Mahony. Freud considered the interpretation of dreams as a means of accessing a person’s unconscious mind. The first dream that Freud interpreted is called Irma’s injection. The details of Irma’s injection are published in Freud’s book, Dream Interpretation.